Tips/Tactics Winter Fishing

Fly Fishing in the Winter — The Go-To Nymphing Rig

December 30, 2018

** NOTE: This is Part Four of a Troutbitten series on fly fishing for trout through the winter months. This will all read a little better if you back up and find Parts One, Two and Three.

I walked to the familiar counter and laid a bag of orange material among the aged fly fishing stickers that covered the coffee-stained wooden slab. Seated on a stool, the shop manager looked up from his magazine and over to my small package of orange fluff. Then he slowly brought his gaze up to mine. We made eye contact and he grinned until we both slowly chuckled.

“It’s all you need out there right now,” he said.

“I know!” I nodded. “All winter long, really. If they don’t take the egg, they take whatever I have paired with it. And if they don’t take either of them, I know I’m screwed.”

“Yup.” My friend agreed as he rang me up. “Three bucks,” he said.

I exchanged three green bills for one bag of orange McFly foam and walked out the door. Mixed with the sound of the little metal bell ringing behind me, I heard, “Don’t beat ‘em up too bad, man.”

I waved without looking back, and headed home to my tying vise.

Simply the best

In the cold, I fish nymphs as a first option. And my go-to rig for winter fishing is an unweighted egg at the point, with a split shot five inches away. A beadhead nymph hangs from a tag about twelve inches further up the tippet. There are specifics and nuances to it that I’ll quickly run through below, but this is the heart of a rig that works for me all winter long.

It looks a lot like this:


“I thought the trout were done spawning . . . “

They are. In my rivers, the spawning wild brown trout finish up around mid-December, at the latest. Decent action on egg patterns can happen during the spawn, especially in certain sections of the river (we don’t fish for spawning fish). But the best action on eggs starts right as trout are wrapping up their recreational activities. And the solid action on egg patterns lasts all winter long, until about the middle of March.

READ: Troutbitten | Redd Fish – Should we fish for trout through the spawn or stay home?

All crazy trout fishermen have a theory (about everything), so I’ll give you one here . . .

I think trout eat eggs so greedily in the winter because it’s the last significant source of easily available protein they’ve seen. The imprint of that food source remains. (It’s probably not fair to call it memory.) And trout might even be looking for it. Months later, are they still looking for eggs? Yeah, it sure seems like it.

Trout are naturally conditioned to eating eggs, and they’ll take yarn and fluffy orange balls all year long. In fact, even in the summer, a yellow sucker spawn is a staple in the change-up section of my fly box. What’s more, I find that winter trout are eager egg-eaters even in water where no spawning takes place. They just eat eggs. It’s in their genes. So why argue?

But while a trout’s propensity for egg-eating is always there, I find it to be strongest in the winter. With limited food options — with most of the aquatic insects either dormant or in a juvenile stage — the base of a trout’s winter diet is often quite small and kinda boring. What’s active down there? Not much. Tiny midges, maybe a few Olives, a stray stonefly and some cress bugs if you’re lucky. Combine that with cold water and a lower metabolism, and trout aren’t real keen on moving much for a nymph — until an egg rolls by.

READ: Troutbitten | Eggs for breakfast, eggs for lunch, eggs for dinner

The Incredible, Edible Egg

Here I’ll tell you that you can use any reasonable egg pattern and expect results. But I’ll also tell you that I’ve already done that. I used everything out there for many years, and I eventually simplified my egg lineup into two patterns: an Orange Nuke Egg and a Yellow Sucker Spawn.

The Orange Nuke Egg. McFly Foam (Orange) with Egg Yarn for the veil (Oregon Cheese).

Buy the McFly Foam Here

Buy the Egg Yarn Here


Sucker Spawn. Yellow Yarn, with Fire Orange thread.

Notice how these eggs are composed of the same color scheme. While the Nuke Egg is mostly orange with a little bit of yellow on the outside, the Sucker Spawn is mostly yellow with a little bit of orange on the inside.

Read: Troutbitten | Troutbitten Fly Box — The Sucker Spawn

These eggs are unweighted. Yes, I know that beadhead eggs catch trout. But I promise you, I do much better with an unweighted egg and a split shot. Keeping the shot close to the egg (4-5 inches) limits the loss of strike detection caused by having weight in between you and the fly. It’s an acceptable compromise. As a crazy fisherman, I have another theory for you. Follow me here . . .

Eggs have no ability to move. They can’t swim like a mayfly or caddis. So their flow in the current is much more predictable to a trout than are the movement of a stonefly in the same current. Trout need a really good looking dead drift on an egg to buy in. Eggs are also fairly neutrally buoyant. Sure, they sink, but not like a tungsten bead. And an unweighted fly with split shot (fished well), has a soft glide to it. Unweighted eggs work with the currents and simply drift more like the real thing. An unweighted egg catches more trout.

I don’t vary the size much. I tie both the Nuke egg and Sucker Spawn on #12, #14 and #16 scud hooks, but the 14’s get the bulk of the swimming time. I don’t overtie them either. There’s no sense packing extra materials onto the hook, because a sparse egg probably looks more natural anyway.

Even the #16 Nuke Eggs are larger than a single trout egg, but the nuke egg looks like a clump of eggs — same as a sucker spawn. Trout eat them in high water and low water. I tend to fish the smaller eggs in clear water, and I usually start with the more subtle Sucker Spawn. The Nuke Egg, though, can work just as well in low, clear water. And I let trout make the choice, day to day.

The Beadhead

I’m pretty locked into my egg choices for this rig, so I’m more apt to change up the tag nymph. I rotate through a few favorites until something gets eaten. I use nymphs like the Bread-n-Butter, Beadhead Pheasant Tails, Walt’s Worms, Higa’s SOS and Perdigons. I also keep them on the small side — #16’s on a short-length hook get the most work on my tags during the winter.

I prefer tags over trailers because I’m in touch with both flies, and strike detection is better too. I wrote a full article discussing all of that here:

READ: Troutbitten | Fly Fishing Strategies — Tags and Trailers

However, since winter trout won’t come up through the water column as readily, I like to rig the tag lower in the colder months. While my standard distance between flies is about twenty inches, in the winter I may space them as close as fourteen inches. So, with a four-inch tag hanging down, and a split shot in between the two flies, the tag nymph rides pretty close to the bottom. Ideally, it hangs right at the top of the strike zone, in that cushion of water near the bottom that’s moving slower than the rest.

Photo by Bill Dell

How To

The key to this rig is the egg. That bright little protein package gets their attention, and trout either eat it or move to the egg and eat the tag fly. I’ve had plenty of days where trout hammer the tag nymph often enough that I replace the egg with another beadhead to match what was on the tag. Inevitably, the action slows down. The egg is part of the formula.

Also, I use a Mono Rig for most of my winter fishing (streamers and nymphs), and I prefer to tightline wherever it makes sense. But adding a Dorsey Yarn Indicator to the top of the tippet section allows me to fish a tightline-to-the-indicator method, often giving me the perfect dead drift for the glassy slicks and soft side water where trout like to feed in the winter months.

READ: Troutbitten | Tight Line Nymphing with an Indicator — A Mono Rig Variant

Either way, winter trout will test your dead-drifting skills. But if you find trout and show them an egg with a little bacon on the tag, you can have success all season long.

Next time . . .

There’s a simple variation for this go-to rig that I’ll cover next time. It pays to have options ready, because just when you think you have trout figured out, they change their minds and leave you making excuses about water temperature, sunlight, snow melt, fishing pressure and . . .

Fish hard, friends.


There’s much more to come in this winter fly fishing series.

— Subscribe to Troutbitten and follow along —

Photo by Josh Darling


Enjoy the day.
Domenick Swentosky



Tips / Tactics

Read more Troutbitten Tips and Tactics

What do you think?

6 Comment threads
11 Thread replies
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
8 Comment authors
  Follow the comments on this article.  
Notify of
Alex Argyros

Good work, Dom. Your ideas are always interesting and perceptive. Here are a few random reactions: 1. Adjusting (i.e., removing) split shot is always a challenge for me. Some solutions that have worked are to use tungsten putty, or to make a little tag using a piece of mono by tying a uni knot, leaving a tag end, and placing the shot on the tag. 2. Alternately, an egg with on a drop-shot rig works well. 3. Question: if you think that you get a good dead drift with an unweighted egg and shot, shouldn’t that be the preferred way… Read more »


Thank you for your insight Domenic. This article reminds me to keep it simple especially during the slow winter months. Most of my winter fishing is for steelhead on the South shore of Erie, but a few times I get down to some put and take trout spots in middle Ohio where this lineup will clobber the trout. I think the next dozen I catch will be thanks to you. I am stubborn about using eggs because I truly love to fool the trout with more natural bugs. But in the winter I’m tired of seeing the spawn sac crowd… Read more »


Any idea if this works for ‘Bows? They, of course, spawn in the spring and there are no browns in the streams I fish. But it would be interesting to see what would happen… Conversely, I would imagine this set-up would be effective when they do their “thing” after run-off…

Tomas Yanez

Good stuff, man. Very prescriptive. It’s what we need! Dummy it down. From a well-described starting point, everyone can either follow the recipe exactly or vary it to their tastes (a little more garlic, a little more wine, etc). Thank you!


Domenick, I fish primarily in western Maine and northern New Hampshire. Both of these states have banned the use of lead shot to protect loons. I loathe using tin shot but it’s the only economical alternate at the present time. It’s miserable to use. If you don’t crimp it hard enough to compress the tippet it falls off on the first slight snag. And forget trying to remove it, even the “double slit” kind, from your tippet. Because of this I’ve been pretty much forced to use a drop shot rig when I need to add weight. The exception is… Read more »

thomas murphy

we don’t have browns in our river so while eggs may in some ways always work, our spawn is all spring. I wonder if this is a reason though that hotspots or even more to point: orange beads are effective. hmm I get an egg and a nymph like the egg sucking patterns.
rather than dropping a split shot, why not a drop shot rig with two tags?

Domenick Swentosky

Hi. I'm a father of two young boys, a husband, author, fly fishing guide and a musician. I fish for wild brown trout in the cool limestone waters of Central Pennsylvania year round. This is my home, and I love it. Friends. Family. And the river.

TCO Fly Shop
knots split shot etiquette Camping nymphing tips angler types snags mousing net Peace It's just fishing Christmas Lights backcast saltwater Film Dry-Dropper streamside Streamer fishing gear Harvey Pusher montana Presentations fly rod Aiden Whiskey dry fly fishing camera BES safety tracks efficiency mud History winter indicator nymphing Whiskey Drinker Trust Wild Mushrooms tippet hiking Grobe cookout George Harvey giveaway explore photography Central PA simplicity Press wading boys suspender fishing waders stocked trout fishing tips last cast wet flies river TU walking rules Quote Euro-Nymphing Mystery reading water catch and release backcountry Fly rods Spring Creek fly fsihing club fishing mayfly thunderstorm winter fly fishing the Mono Rig ice Backing Barrel Weather Floating come on man travel family friends carp George Daniel beadhead tight line nymphing public land PSA night-sighter flies droppers Sighter dog dorsey yarn indicator Ask an Expert tenkara nymphing philosophy Wild Brown Trout Namer Gierach surf fishing wet fly fishing home-stream conservation indicator fishing Plans small streams Dad spawning Industry Stuff Troutbitten Fly Box Doh marginal water Joey bite windows friendship Davy Wotten tiny flies Resources brown trout float brookies favorite fishing with kids eggs nymphs mistakes big fish Big Trout strategy fluke Galloup Dylan Float Fishing fly patterns Rich dead drift Joe Humphreys Buggers Fly Casting Headbanger Sculpin mono rig brush fishing science matters Night Fishing Chapters summer comp fishing traction wading boots flood Baseball Discovery high water Night Fishing shark solitude Streamers Orvis winter fishing big brown trout wild trout Bad Mother Memories rigs fighting fish fly box fall tips casting State College Stockies Fly Fishing drifting bar boots Wild vs Stocked rookies patience DHALO spot burning Tippet Rings Boat strip set PA Gold fly tying LBI dry flies Grandfather PFBC falling in Pennsylvania Trout Unlimited Little Juniata River drop shot nymphing Sawyer silence wet wading Jeff trout bum Night DJS tight lining skunked posted land DIY stinky bass Burke musician summertime fishing Fish Hard Fifty Tips One Great Tip time Oakiewear wildlife regulations fly line FishHard swinging leaders tightline front ended How it Started