Night Fishing for Trout — People, Places and Things

by | Jul 11, 2018 | 10 comments

** This Troutbitten article is part of the Night Fishing for Trout series. You can find the full list of articles here. **

The allure of night fishing arises from a mystery. We pursue unknowable things into the darkness and sort through the unpredictable behaviors of trout to catch them after the sun goes down. There are no experts in the night game, and that itself is what secures the puzzle — a simple lack of information. There is no treasure map after dark.

In large part, we fish because of what might happen. While night fishing, we begin to realize that anything can happen.


The best night anglers harbor a deep humility that black water and shadowed trout have forced upon them. Night fishing is full of failure, and any effort to spin it otherwise is foolish and transparent.

Most often, it takes an angler who cares more about the journey, about discovery and learning, than tangible results. Night fishing beats down even the most ambitious among us. The empty net grinds on you. The bleak loneliness takes a toll. It’s the anticipation — the anxiety. You’re left exhausted from forever pushing a natural fear of the dark to the back of your mind. The late hours and early mornings make you feel thin — because the rest of life doesn’t wait for you to catch up. Night fishing trips are the only times I drink coffee after 9:00 pm.

Truth is, there are so few dedicated night anglers out there that good first-hand information is scarce. Second-hand information and hearsay, however, is rampant. Mousing, big black streamers, new moon and low water: these are the oft-repeated expressions and tactics that are supposed to work. But do they?

Night fishing for trout is accompanied by legend. Tall tales are easily masked in shadow, and the truth is dimmed once the sun sets over the horizon.

Some say night fishers are a super-secretive bunch, accounting that for the lack of good information. I argue that the dearth of usable info is a simple result of no one else being out there. And those of us who do night fish frequently are skunked often enough to keep shrugging our shoulders.

The Series

So I’ve night fished for a long time now, all the while seeking to develop and improve upon a system — because having a plan, having categories, and a range of optional tactics is in my nature. I daresay I’ve put in more night hours than most, and I’ve been willing, night after night, to sacrifice what should work to learn about what doesn’t work. I experiment so much that I often wonder if I would do better just swinging wet flies the whole time. Maybe I would.

I’ve shared much of what I learned with a few others who care about trout rivers after dark (and many who probably don’t but were kind enough to nod their heads and listen). Publishing Troutbitten has put me in touch with other night fishers across the country and beyond, and I’ve learned from their friendships. I’ve grown from their ideas. But what surprises me most is that no one else has it all figured out either, and every region — every watershed — is different.

Over the last few years, in particular, I’ve experienced some breakthroughs and had some very consistent night fishing. I’ve begun to form a system around the things that work for me. While night fishing in every season (spring through winter) I’m routinely amazed by what I discover. I’ve focused mostly on my Central Pennsylvania waters, but I find that at least one of these tactics works no matter where I fish — usually.

So I’ve scattered much of what I know about night fishing over dozens of articles here on Troutbitten. The tactics, gear and methods are mixed in with stories and various musings about trout after dark. And a lot of what I’ve written comes with another shoulder shrug — hands out, palms up, and eyebrows raised in an expressions that signals, “Hey, who really knows?” But it’s time to put it all together now, to make a map and plot a course, because I think it’s worth sharing.

This is the first in a series of articles that should be read as chapters in a book — a book about night fishing for trout with a fly rod.

I particularly enjoy publishing this series (and all of the Troutbitten tips and tactics) online, because fly fishing is a game of perpetual learning. And as the seasons pass, I’m certain that I’ll update these chapters to reflect my changing opinions and my growing understanding of trout habits after the fading light.

** UPDATE, June 2020 ** The Night Fishing for Trout series is now 9 articles deep. You can find all of theme HERE. (I recommend reading the oldest first.)


This series is about fly fishing for trout in rivers — most often wild trout and wild rivers. I’m not talking about fishing private water or an easy setup in a trout pond either. This is a game about chasing large, natural fish in wild places. It’s not about fishing over spawning trout at night, and it’s not about setting up over a pod of thermally stressed fish with their noses at the mouth of a cold tributary for refuge. There should be no gimmes. If night fishing is easy, then something is wrong.

Of course, they don’t all have to be wild trout. If stocked rivers are what you have, then fish them at night and see what happens. Enjoy it.

My own night fishing experience is centered around wading wild trout rivers. I’ve done night floats, but I prefer to wade. Floating requires an even longer time commitment — one that you can’t get out of. When the night bite is off (and it often is), a dark boat ride to the takeout seems eternal.

I’m talking about hitting the same local rivers that you frequent during the day — catching those same trout and perhaps larger ones. It’s about learning your favorite river at night, discovering it’s alter-ego and uncovering the unseen habits of the largest trout in the system.

But night fishing isn’t all about big trout, either. I believe that’s the biggest lie in night fishing. If large trout are your primary motivation, then night fishing will be a passing fad. However, if you learn to love the dark woods for the peace, for the mystery and the challenge of a black river, it will pull you back to its banks time and again.


Without a doubt, there are regions across these United States where night fishing produces better than others. Some Michigan rivers are legendary for their night fishing because they’re set up for it — low gradient waters with deep bends, undercut banks and river bottoms lined with logs and tree parts that don’t wash out.

Swinging mouse patterns in Michigan is a nighttime staple that has spread across the country. And no trout-take is more heart stopping than a surface slash-and-gulp from a huge brown trout after dark. So, mousing has been tried nationwide. But just like the large articulated streamer craze, it’s helpful to realize that every river is unique. And the trout of your own watershed may not respond to the same night patterns and presentations that they do on the White River in Arkansas.

Those rivers and others from Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New York, Connecticut and Pennsylvania have garnered a reputation for night fishing. They’ve attracted attention and curious anglers willing to rig up after the sun goes down, men and women brave enough to stand against the sights and sounds of the darkness.

Night fishing, in truth, is an option anywhere you find trout. And once the sun sets, the river, the trout and the way you fly fish changes.


Here I will argue that having a full range of tactics is the best way to approach the night game. Just like the daylight hours, if you set out with only dry flies in your box, you’re essentially casting your line into a river and hoping, with luck as your only ally.

You will have moments with mouse flies — stunning, thrilling instants that pump adrenaline through your veins. But if your tactics are one-dimensional, you will also strike out far more than you hit a home run. Sure, you can pass that off as a man on the hunt for a trophy. Or you can get down to business, adapt to the fish and to your river, and discover what the trout really want.

This series, Night Fishing for Trout, will cover the gear: lamps, rods, lines, leaders, night-sighters, flies, etc.

It will cover methods: surface tactics, mid-column and deep water, drifting and swinging, wet flies, streamers, dry flies, night nymphing and more.

It will cover locations and conditions: the shallows, backwater, deep water, moonlight, peak hours, seasons, etc.

And it will cover a range of other topics and tactics such as the hang and wiggle, scouting, and upstream vs downstream presentations.

I’m really not sure how many parts will complete the series or where we’ll end up . . . and that’s a good thing.

Professor Hawk– one of the best wet flies in my box.


Honestly, for the night fisher, uncertainty is our inspiration. Any angler who ventures out at night to catch trout is a pioneer with a chance to uncover something new — to discover more than he may ever find in the daylight.

What you read here may not work for the trout in your river. Your own success may require variations or something completely new. So drop me a line and share those experiences with me.

If you’re past the stage of the casual angler and you’re looking for the next challenge, wader-up after dark.

** Read the ongoing Night Fishing for Trout Series HERE ** 



Enjoy the day.
Domenick Swentosky


Share This Article . . .

Since 2014 and 600 articles deep
Troutbitten is a free resource for all anglers
Your support is greatly appreciated

– Explore These Post Tags –

Domenick Swentosky

Central Pennsylvania

Hi. I’m a father of two young boys, a husband, author, fly fishing guide and a musician. I fish for wild brown trout in the cool limestone waters of Central Pennsylvania year round. This is my home, and I love it. Friends. Family. And the river.

More from this Category

A Simple Slidable Foam Pinch-On Indy

A Simple Slidable Foam Pinch-On Indy

One of the joys of fly fishing is problem solving. There are so many tools available, with seemingly infinite tactics to discover, it seems like any difficult situation on the water can be solved. Perhaps it can. For those anglers who search for answers in tough moments, the prospect of solving a puzzle builds lasting hope into every cast. And after seasons on the water, the game becomes not how many trout we can catch, but how many ways those trout can be caught. Then, when presented with conditions that chase fair-weather fishers off the water, we rise to the moment with a tested solution, perfectly adapted and suited for the variables at hand.

There is not one way. There are a hundred ways. And the best anglers are prepared with all of them.

One of them is the slidable foam pinch on indy . . .

Tight Line and Euro Nymphing: How to Lead the Flies

Tight Line and Euro Nymphing: How to Lead the Flies

Leading does not mean we are dragging the flies downstream. In fact, no matter what method we choose (leading, tracking or guiding), our job is to simply recover the slack that is given to us. We tuck the flies upstream and the river sends them back. It may seem like there is just one way to recover that slack. But there are at least two distinct methods — leading and tracking.

Let’s talk more about leading . . .

What water type? Where are they eating?

What water type? Where are they eating?

Fast, heavy, deep runs have always been my favorite water type to fish. I can spend a full day in the big stuff. I love the mind-clearing washout of whitewater. No average sounds penetrate it. And the never ending roar of a chunky run is mesmerizing. I also enjoy the wading challenge. The heaviest water requires not just effort, but a constant focus and a planned path to keep you upright and on two feet. Constant adjustment is needed to stay balanced, and one slip or misstep ends up in a thorough dunking. It reminds me of the scaffold work I did on construction crews in my twenties. I always enjoyed being a few stories up, because the workday flew by. When every movement means life or death, you’d better stay focused. I always liked that . . .

Tight Line and Euro Nymphing: Leading vs Tracking vs Guiding

Tight Line and Euro Nymphing: Leading vs Tracking vs Guiding

Eventually, after decades of drifting things for trout, I discovered other ways of fishing dead drifts.

And now, I try to be out of contact as much as in contact. I ride the line between leading the flies and tracking them — choosing sometimes one and sometimes the other. And I’ve come to think of that mix of both styles as guiding the flies.

Think about these concepts the next time you are on the water with a pair of nymphs in hand. What is your standard approach? What are the strengths of leading the flies? What are the deficiencies? When does tracking the flies stand out as the best tactic? And when does it fail?

Why do we miss trout on a nymph?

Why do we miss trout on a nymph?

Late hook sets are a problem, as is guessing about whether we should set the hook in the first place. But I believe, more times than not, when we miss a trout, the fish actually misses the fly. However, that doesn’t let us off the hook either. It’s probably still our fault. And here’s why . . .

Loss of contact, refusals and bad drifts. All of these things and more add into missing trout on nymphs. So how do we improve the hookup ratio?

Fishing Light

Fishing Light

You’ve probably been wading upstream on a favorite trout stream and seen another angler’s lost tackle. Maybe the whole mess was in the streamside trees, with split shot and bobber attached, or a misguided F13 Rapala with rusted hooks. Maybe you’ve snagged a pile of monofilament stuck in waterlogged branches and lodged against a rock. And when you’ve seen all that mess, maybe you were stunned by how heavy the tackle was. Are you with me? . . .

What do you think?

Be part of the Troutbitten community of ideas.
Be helpful. And be nice.


  1. I am really looking forward to this series, I can’t wait!

    • Right on, buddy.

  2. Thanks for pulling it all together

  3. Yup looking forward to this series. In the near future most of my available fishing time will be at night and I’ve never fly fished at night. Although very little out there on night fishing for trout, fishing the dark hours for sea trout is the accepted norm in the UK with plenty of info available. I’m wandering how much is transferable?

    • I’m wondering that too. I know nothing about fishing for sea trout. But I imagine some of this stuff will apply. You’ll have to let me know.

  4. Most of my nights fishing are deep in the past. One winter the walleye bite rewarded me with fine specimens. Teenage years running set poles for catfish listening for the splash of a hooked fish. Thanks for your stories, Dom.

  5. I saw a pic last year of a whiskey brown caught at night on the West Branch Delaware. It had 4 mice in its gut. Makes ya wonder how hungry do they get at night? Best part is he caught it about 100 feet from his car. Ha.

  6. “There should be no gimmes. If night fishing is easy, then something is wrong.” Solidly legit! I’ve experienced the “shoulder shrug — hands out, palms up, and eyebrows raised” so many times it’s embarrassing, humbling. But, that’s what keeps some of us coming back. Great series! Good on ya’, my friend!

  7. Thank you Domenick, for all your brilliant, well written articles.
    I really enjoy your thoughts, the more your experiment, the more tight lines you will encounter….!!
    All my best,


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Recent Articles

Recent Posts

Pin It on Pinterest