Fifty Tips Tips/Tactics

Fifty Fly Fishing Tips: #15 — Tie custom leaders — Here’s why

on
November 5, 2017
I started tying my own leaders when the small streams I fished required something different than what I could find in the fly shop. I needed a short, punchy leader to carry a #12 Royal Wulff back into the brush and yet somehow land with enough slack for a short dead drift on the shadowy surface. I still have the 1991 Charles Meck book, “Fishing Small Streams with a Fly Rod,” and if allowed to open naturally, the paperback binding on my well-used copy falls open to the page about leader formulas. That’s where I got my start — tying those 5-7 foot leaders, and learning to make the adjustments.

These days I mostly fish larger waters with the Mono Rig, and I tie a 26 foot leader in about five sections. Oh, I’ve certainly used manufactured, extruded, tapered leaders through the years, but I’m never satisfied. So I keep tying all my own leaders, both short and long ones.

There’s really not much to it. And once you dial in your own preferences and adjustments to a leader formula, you won’t tie many leaders each season. But finding those variations is half the fun.

Here are three great reasons for rolling your own.

Fit the situation

With a manufactured leader, all you really adjust is the tippet section. Sometimes that’s enough, but too often you end up making do with a leader that isn’t right for the water in front of you.

Consider the small streams I mentioned earlier; I have more control and confidence when fishing my own small stream leader. Most off-the-shelf leaders are over-sized for the backcountry streams — they’re too thick and too long. Sure, I can shorten the butt section and trim the tippet section, but I can’t adjust the taper, and in most cases, the tapered section is too long for a tight, rhododendron choked brookie stream that’s six feet wide.

In such places, I often adapt my hand-tied leader to match the conditions. I might keep the tippet section, but trim the tapered section, just enough to condense the whole thing to under six feet.

Likewise, I make the same type of adjustments to my standard dry fly leaders, nymphing leaders and streamer leaders. Whatever the case, whatever the water before me requires, I can lengthen, shorten and modify the leader to precisely match the situation.

READ: Dry flies need slack — So give it to ‘em, George Harvey style.

The skills to adapt

I’m not suggesting that you tie your own leaders from scratch on the stream. No. Tie them at home, and occasionally modify them onstream, when needed.

But tying those blood knots and double surgeon’s knots over and over, clipping, wrapping and twisting the monofilament gives your fingers a chance to learn the habit of tying knots. And when it comes time make onstream adjustments, when you need to shorten the 3X section, you won’t hesitate in front of a pod of rising trout feeding in the waning light of dusk. You won’t waste time.

Tying your own leaders gives you the skills to adapt.

Thinner butt sections

From George Harvey, I learned that the butt section of a leader should match the flexibility of the fly line it’s attached to, and not the diameter. I couldn’t agree more.

Most manufactured leaders are designed with butt sections around .024” -.020”, roughly matching the diameter of our trout fly lines. But those thick mono butt sections are far stiffer than my fly lines. I prefer to start my leaders with butt sections of .017” Maxima Chameleon since it’s a much closer match to the flexibility of the 3-6 weight fly lines that I commonly use. To me, the difference is extraordinary.

Do it

I encourage you to seek out leader formulas that fit your own situations. Don’t accept whatever comes off the wall at the fly shop. Instead, buy a few spools of Maxima Chameleon and start tying your own leaders.

My point here is not to give you specific leader formulas. You can find those in many other articles and books, and you’ll adapt them to fit your own situations. And you don’t have to use Maxima Chameleon either.

That said, I’m happy to share my own preferences.

You can find my favorite dry fly leader here.

I use the Mono Rig for most of my nymphing and much of my streamer fishing, and that formula is found here.

Tying your own leaders is well worth the time invested. A leader designed for your own specific purposes puts you in more control of the outcome. And tying your own leaders is another aspect of fly fishing that draws you deeper into the game.

Fish hard, friends.

Enjoy the day
Domenick Swentosky
T R O U T B I T T E N
domenick@troutbitten.com

FIFTY TIPS

Read All of the Fifty Tips Series
TAGS

6
What do you think?

2 Comment threads
4 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
4 Comment authors
  Follow the comments on this article.  
Notify of

I assume you use the standard Blood knot or Surgeon’s Knot for tying up your leaders.
You might want to try the Infinity Tippet Knot. It is easier, faster, cleaner, and just as strong I(if not stronger) than the Big 2. Not quite as pretty as a good Blood Knot but well worth a look. Don’t let tradition stand in your way, this new knot is an absolute game-changer, especially under actual fishing conditions (tired, cold fingers, wind, buck fever, etc.) Cheers!

Leigh Shuman

Since you led off the discussion with the 5-7 ft leaders for small stream fishing, any chance you could share your favorite formula in that category? You have us the dry fly formula, and the mono rig. Complete the presentation with your favorite short small stream leader. Enquiring minds want to know.

Domenick Swentosky
BELLEFONTE, PA

Hi. I'm a father of two young boys, a husband, author, fly fishing guide and a musician. I fish for wild brown trout in the cool limestone waters of Central Pennsylvania year round. This is my home, and I love it. Friends. Family. And the river.

STICKERS
STICKERS
TAGS
Harvey Pusher solitude Press Wild vs Stocked brown trout Backing Barrel Burke skunked Discovery Rich marginal water giveaway Big Trout mono rig Memories Christmas Lights friendship wet wading time fishing tips come on man fly line Grobe philosophy DHALO Mystery Aiden Fly Fishing leaders Dylan montana Troutbitten Fly Box fluke fighting fish camera mistakes thunderstorm tightline small streams fishing with kids conservation winter fly fishing wild trout Tippet Rings split shot posted land Peace Gierach Galloup Industry Stuff science matters photography wading boots indicator nymphing bar boots dry fly fishing shark high water Baseball drop shot nymphing Whiskey drifting Davy Wotten winter rules Euro-Nymphing Little Juniata River reading water Bad Mother Fly rods It's just fishing trout bum catch and release hiking Night Fishing Chapters club fishing regulations Sighter Wild Mushrooms beadhead DIY wet fly fishing fall Quote George Harvey swinging suspender fishing the Mono Rig fly patterns mayfly flood History tight lining Fly Casting tenkara rigs stinky bass Stockies big brown trout Trout Unlimited Weather public land nymphing night-sighter droppers simplicity efficiency etiquette tracks falling in streamside bite windows travel carp dry flies home-stream front ended musician Fifty Tips Streamer fishing cookout tight line nymphing stocked trout Doh indicator fishing brush fishing Whiskey Drinker Resources last cast nymphing tips Grandfather tiny flies Streamers PFBC Camping Buggers walking family spot burning waders LBI Oakiewear Central PA Jeff traction tippet TU winter fishing DJS Presentations How it Started explore backcountry Namer tips safety ice flies boys Boat spawning Headbanger Sculpin gear Dad PSA dead drift mud strategy patience fly tying George Daniel angler types brookies Pennsylvania silence Fish Hard Night Fishing summertime fishing saltwater wading nymphs Floating big fish knots comp fishing Joey favorite wildlife BES wet flies Float Fishing Sawyer rookies float One Great Tip net Trust friends Ask an Expert fly box surf fishing Orvis backcast dorsey yarn indicator dog Plans mousing casting Wild Brown Trout summer Dry-Dropper Spring Creek PA Gold Night